Introductie drug, set en setting fa332 uu studeersnel. Zinberg 1984 argued that to understand what impels someone to use an illicit and licit drug, and how that drug affects the user, three determinants must be considered. Set and setting concerns itself with response to psychoactive drugs only. Thus the second hypothesis, a derivative of the first, was that it is the social setting, through the development of sanctions and rituals, that brings the use of illicit drugs under control. The reason for adding the drug component in the title of his book is precisely because zinberg expands the concept of set and setting beyond the psychedelic realm.
Reflections on 40 years of ethnographic drug abuse. We also incorporate norman zinberg s 1984 classic theory of drug, set, and setting. Drug set and setting zinberg n southwest recovery alliance. Elena omelchenkos contribution to this collection shows how non drug using youth draw very heavily on dominant abstentionist discourses, but it is also important to note that even drug using or drug aware young people may articulate strongly negative views about drugs while displaying tolerance or acceptance of drug use in their cultural practice. Drug, set, and setting the basis for controlled intoxicant use norman e. Ethnographic contributions to the development, implementation, and evaluation of interventions are discussed, including ethical issues. Request pdf the pleasure in context the pleasures associated with the.
Zinberg s three determinants of illicit drug use are drug, set, and setting. Of these three determinants, setting had received the least attention and recognition. A single case study approach explored a silk road users. Contents preface 1 historical perspectives on controlled drug use 2 addiction, abuse, and controlled use. Zinberg s 1984 interaction model is a useful place to start when trying to understand the relationship between different factors that impact on the drug using experience. The explanation for this low rate of recidivism 12 per cent of return to use within three years was posited to be a combination of two factors. Some definitions 3 research methodology and data 4 research findings.
The drug the pharmacological action of the substance itself. Zinberg s drug, set and setting examined the habits of drug users and the phenomenon of controlled drug use, users tendency to follow certain rules and principles in their substance use. Subsequently, the interdisciplinary nature of ethnographic drug abuse research is described. Norman zinberg s 1984 now seminal study of controlled drug use in new york city, firmly established the significance of set and setting in framing the physiological experience of illicit drug use, yet tended to gloss over the role of set and setting in framing the performative andor practical experience of. An online drug marketplace called silk road has been operating on the deep web since february 2011 and was designed to revolutionise contemporary drug consumerism. The basis for controlled intoxicant use 9780300036343. Pdf hartogsohn 2016 set and setting psychedelics and placebo. Yet levels of participation in canadian drug studies are within the standards expected of most surveys, and selfreports on drug use have been shown to be quite valid. In the model, drug refers to the drug s actions or pharmacological aspects of the experience. Implications for drug policy molly charlesreflections.
Normanxxv who focused on the role of social controls in regulating drug use in the western setting, the drug or its pharmacological properties, set and setting all contribute towards the mechanisms of social control that evolve. The online promotion of drug shopping and user information networks is of increasing public health and law enforcement concern. Experienced effects, attitudes, and motivations among online drug. Drcnet library schaffer library the psychedelic library book menu. The trend toward greater acceptance of cannabis may also mitigate to some extent reluctance among users to participate in interviews and surveys 19. The basis for controlled intoxicant use zinberg, norman e. Models and frameworks that assist in assessing alcohol and.334 575 992 219 205 1121 1062 991 1212 584 1487 25 676 274 314 425 518 680 902 842 1116 961 1010 1184 81 1035 1294 1418 749 1155 763 1047 859 996 73 13 933 645 847 150 1030 652 392 1118 1269 255 1269